Stamford Bridge, Gate Fulford & Hastings

This remained so for practically 300 years and, therefore, Norman French had the time to greatly influence the English language as a complete. As a results of William ascending to the throne of England, roughly 10,000 new French and Latin phrases entered the English language. For instance, French words corresponding to pharmacy, library and marriage turned part of the English language. This one event forever changed the tradition and language of England.

He then introduces the sources, reviewing the angle of their medieval authors, and traces the history of writing about the battle. Harold’s troops couldn’t rest and spent the next two weeks marching south to satisfy William. The Battle of Hastings in October of 1066, an intense and decisive battle in East Sussex that resulted in the dying of Harold, made William the only remaining inheritor to the crown. A subsequent march on London was faced with little problem and William was crowned on Christmas Day. William’s invasion is taken into account the last successful conquest of England. One was the want to defend in opposition to two virtually simultaneous invasions.

French was a language of kings and nobles, but never of the individuals. William’s capture of the English crown from Harold II was a turning point for historical past, politics, literature, and art—but also for language. It began the transformation of English from an orderly Germanic tongue into the sprawling, messy hybrid we converse right now. October 14 marks the anniversary of the Battle of Hastings, the bloody fight that sealed the deal on the Norman Conquest.

The Tapestry accommodates lots of of photographs divided into scenes every describing a selected event. The scenes are joined into a linear sequence permitting the viewer to “read” the complete story beginning with the first scene and progressing to the last. The Tapestry would probably have been displayed in a church for public view. Construction of the Norman invasion fleet had been completed in July and all was ready for the Channel crossing. Unfortunately, William’s ships could not penetrate an uncooperative north wind and for six weeks he languished on the Norman shore.

We all know the result however how and why did the battle take place? To reply this question Dan returns with one other explainer episode to place the battle in its correct context and explain how William was in a place to defeat Harold on that bloody day in 1066 to turn into King. You’ll also hear clips from the archive as Historian Marc Morris and Professor Virginia Davis help set the scene for some of the dramatic events in English history. This weak point, rather than any great military genius on the part of William, led to the defeat of the English at Hastings.

The heavy infantry of the English was well-known, and so they carried long spears and shields. Harold’s Anglo-Saxons used their traditional battle tactic of a shield-wall. They would stand side-by-side, and their interlocking shields would form a stable wall. The shield-wall was very difficult to break down, and it was a tactic used very successfully by Alfred the Great towards the Vikings. The infantry of Harold II set up a shield-wall on a hill, and broken ground, they usually had been in a robust place. The story that Duke William was the reliable successor of Edward is unlikely and was Norman propaganda.

Harold camped at Caldbec Hill on the night time of 13 October, close to what was described as a “hoar-apple tree”. This location was about eight mi from William’s castle at Hastings. Apparently without warning, the Breton division on William’s left fled. Realizing that they might be rapidly outflanked, the Norman division then began to withdraw followed shortly by the Flemish. Seeing the enemy’s retreat, many of the English fyrdmen (along with Harold’s brothers, Leofwyne and Gyrthe) broke ranks and started to pursue. In the following confusion, William’s horse was killed from underneath him and the Duke toppled to the ground.

A view of the historic Waltham Abbey Church in Waltham Abbey, Essex. King Harold II, who died on the battle of Hastings in 1066, is believed by some to have been buried within the churchyard. Again, we don’t know for sure, however all of the sources agree that the battle of Hastings was a really bloody affair. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, laconic as it’s, speaks of “great slaughter on each sides”. William of Poitiers, describing the aftermath, wrote that “far and extensive, the earth was lined with the flower of the English nobility and youth, drenched in blood”. This strong chronicle evidence is supported by the site of the abbey itself, which from monks’ perspective was badly situated on sloping ground and ill-supplied with water.

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